Social Trading vs Copy Trading vs Mirror Trading
Most people use Social trading, copy trading and mirror trading interchangeably to mean the same thing. Copy Trading and mirror trading can be considered as narrower forms of Social Trading.
In copy trading your portfolio is connected to the portfolio of the trader(s) you are following in the social trading network of choice. While using Copy Trading, trades made by the trader(s) you are following are automatically copied to your portfolio. Hence, apart from utilizing Social Trading Networks to gather information, digest it and make the investment or trade decisions yourself; you can utilize the Copy Trading functions offered by majority of the Social Trading Networks to copy trades automatically.
Mirror trading on the other hand is very similar to copy trading but associated with automated trading strategies or programs. Investors utilizing mirror trading are connected to copy trades from automated trading programs based on different strategies that are offered by mirror trading companies.
Does Social Trading Work
Most people looking to get into Social Trading are always sceptical on whether they can profit from Social Trading Networks such as Zulutrade and etoro. Though trading in general contains inherent risks, most Social Trading Networks have advanced features that make it possible to pick profitable and consistent traders to follow. Due to this, Social Trading does work and one can make a decent return. However, just like trading for oneself, it is advisable to start with a social trading demo account and hone the skills of picking profitable traders to follow.
Key Words in Social Trading
The Benefits Social Trading
Here is why you should be using social trading networks:
- Accessibility: Major advancements have been made in the field of social trading and numerous social trading networks now freely available for all traders and newbies to choose from.
- Reduces your trading learning curve: Social Trading allows you to follow the activities of well experienced traders, and hence you learn more from watching. Whats more, its the best way to earn as you learn by replicating the success of profitable traders.
- Social trading demo accounts: Most Social Trading Networks will allow you to have a social trading demo account allowing you to simulate the real world of Social trading completely risk free.
- Eliminates emotional trading: Social Trading Networks allow you the access to numerous trade ideas from experienced traders all over the globe, this increases your trading confidence and aids in making decisions as you are able to gauge aspects such a sentiment from the crowd.
- Diversified portfolio: Through Social Trading; you will have access to multiple trade ideas and signals allowing you to allocate your portfolio to several providers hence spreading the risks associated with individual decisions. Social Trading Networks also cater for multiple markets from Forex, Equities and futures; access to different assets will also help you as a follower diversify your portfolio.
- Ease of use: Majority of the Social Trading Networks have intuitive interfaces that are easy to use and newbie friendly making the process of copying your favorite and profitable traders easy and less time consuming
- Extra revenue for traders: If you are an experienced and profitable trader, you can also earn extra revenue by connecting to Social Trading Networks and providing your trades to followers for copying.
How to get started with social trading
Before you can start social trading, you first need to do the following:
- Open an account with one of the Social Trading Networks. There are numerous to choose from, hence you should analyze the reliability and accessibility as well as other features available and choose one that best suits you.
- Find profitable and consistent traders to follow. Most Social Trading Networks will provide tools to help you filter the available traders according to profitability and other traits such as win rate, drawdown, number of pips gained and return on investment. Some of advanced platforms will also allow you to simulate the amount of profit you would have received by following your chosen traders over your preferred period of time.
- Choose how much to allocate per chosen trader and copy them.
- Sit back and periodically monitor the progress of your account. You can chose to add new traders or stop copying particular traders and replace them.
Potential returns when following top traders
To approximate how much you can make as a follower via Social Trading, we will use the performance of the top 3 traders in the Zulutrade Social Trading Network. Zulutrade is one of the platforms with a feature that allows you to simulate how much you would have made copying various traders over a chosen period of time.
In our simulation we will use a relatively small capital of USD 1000, and make a simulation for 3 months.
The traders we select must be trading using real funds only and not demo accounts, this is important as we can assume traders will be more careful with real funds than virtual funds as they stand to lose.
The 3 months test dates are September 27, 2017 to December 15, 2017. The top three traders copied for this period by name on the Zulutrade Social Trading Network are Bandarede, Rubenwaves, and Alexkl Fast News.
Copying the three traders would have generated a profit of USD 498 which is a 49.8% Return on Investment, in 221 trades.
One of the benefits of using Social Trading Networks is diversification of risk by copying trades from different traders using different strategies and hence offsetting losses if one trader performs poorly. For instance; the second trader in our simulation; Rubenwaves, lost -1.8%, however, the portfolio still makes a positive return since the profits of the other two traders offset this loss (Bandarede 25.4% and Rubenwaves 26.2%).
A similar simulation based on the same 3 traders on the Zulutrade Social Trading Network for a whole year would have resulted to a whooping 157.3% return on investment (which is USD 15,730 in profits assuming the same starting capital of USD 1000) in 923 trades. This out-performs most traditional investments by a huge margin making Social Trading a great avenue to invest in.
However, note just picking the top traders in the Social Trading Network is not always recommended and you should take time to analyze the best traders to copy. You should be guided by factors such as how much capital you want to start with, the percentage of risk you are willing to take and amount of return you expect. If you are an aggressive investor, you may opt to create a portfolio of traders with high rates of return but understand that such returns may be associated with higher risks and bigger drawdown levels. Conservative investors on the other hand can create a portfolio of traders with lower returns but very low drawdown levels.
Learn with social trading
Leaders/Copiers offering their strategies/signals in the Social Trading Networks also earn depending on the amount of people copying them as well as trades executed. Fortunately for followers/copiers also; most Social Trading Networks have rankings for the followers allowing investors to copy successful followers. This means that expert traders are more likely to share their trades as it benefits both sides.
Social Trading in USA
Social traders from the USA should adapt to particular strategies so as to make it possible to copy trades successfully while still adhering to the requirements and restrictions imposed on trading in general in the country.
The first restriction traders from the USA face is on hedging. Traders are not allowed to hedge their trades, which means they cannot take to opposite trades on the same instrument for instance taking both a buy and sell on EURUSD pair.
The second restriction is in regard to the FIFO rule (first in first out) which implies that trades on one asset should be closed in the order of which they were taken.
This makes it very hard for traders from the USA to copy different traders as these traders may take opposing positions on one asset and opt to close out a position before another trader who made their position first.
Though some social trading networks are creating mechanisms to counter these problems, the most straight forward way to handle it is select traders who specialize in different assets or instruments. In this case; the traders will not be taking positions in the same asset on your portfolio which could bring problems to do with the hedging and FIFO rules.
Social Trading in UK
Though social trading networks in the UK maybe required by the UK FCA (Financial Conduct Authority) to obtain licenses for portfolio management; social traders, followers and leaders are not required to obtain these licenses. This makes social trading accessible and legal for UK residents for both the followers and providers.